Pearl Harbor bombing attack facts :
- The bombing attack on Pearl Harbor started at 7:55 A.M. on Sunday, December 7, 1941
- The attack lasted 110 minutes
- Japan Imperial navy launched their airplanes from their 6 carriers in two separate waves.
- Japanese fleet had 353 planes ready for combat on the carriers decks
- Enemy planes first wave, mostly torpedoes bombers, hit Pearl Harbor site at 7:55 a.m. The second wave occurred around 8:40 a.m.
- No official warning was made by Japan officials
- Japan striking force traveled 3,400 miles across the Pacific to reach Pear Harbor
- Japanese navy ships floated about 300 miles north of Pearl harbor
- Plans for a surprise attack against the US navy begun early 1941. Initially imagined by Yamamoto, Genda fine tuned the final version.
- Leading the first wave, Mitsuo Fuchida’s famous words “Tora! Tora! Tora!” -Tiger! Tiger! Tiger!- signaled they achieved surprise, just as planned.
- Japanese forces in Pearl Harbor were under the command of Vice Admiral Chuichi Nagumo
- “Operation Z.” was the code name for the attack of Pearl Harbor
- To launch their attack, Japanese choose a Sunday which was the day when most of the ships were in the harbor, according to intelligence gathering.
- U.S. soldiers identified the enemy planes as Japanese because of the red circle (the Rising Sun) on the side of each Japanese planes.
- US aircraft carriers, the primary target of the attack, were at sea at the time of the attack
- Japanese pilots concentrated their attack on the vessels in Pearl Harbor.
- To avoid large amount of smoke in the air that would affect visibility, they decided to not strike the fuel oil storage facilities.
- Ennemy pilots struck the airfields at Ewa Field, Bellows Field, Wheeler Field, Hickam Field, Schoefield Barracks, and Kaneohe Naval Air Station
- 188 US planes were destroyed.
- 28 enemy planes were shot down
- Except the Colorado, all 8 US navy battleships were in Pearl Harbor and
seven of them were lined up in “Battleship Row.”
- All eight U.S. battleships were either sunk or damaged during the bombing.
- The Arizona literally exploded after a bomb hit the ammunition room killing 1,100
- Severely hit by torpedoes, the Oklahoma listed and eventually capsized.
- All but two battleships (the Arizona and the Oklahoma) were eventually repaired later on and back at sea.
In addition, the Japanese used five midget subs to target the battleships. Four of them were destroyed by the US and the fifth was captured.
- A total of 2,335 U.S. sailors were killed and 1,143 were wounded. Sixty-eight civilians were also killed and 35 were wounded
- 65 Japanese combat fighters were killed and one was captured.
- United States of America officially entered World War 2 the next day when President Franklin Roosevelt gave his famous “Day of Infamy” speech to Congress.
- At the last minute before his speech, President Franklin Roosevelt switched the phrase “a day that will live on in world history” to “a day that will live in infamy”
- Japan joined Germany and Italy and soon after, all declared war on US
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